In In re: ATM Fee Antitrust Litigation, No. 10-17354 (9th Cir. July 12, 2012), the Ninth Circuit ruled that consumers (ATM cardholders) could not challenge ATM fees paid by ATM card issuing banks to the owner of the ATMs accessed by the cardholders. Those fees were allegedly fixed by the banks. However, the fees were not directly paid by cardholders, who instead may have paid higher charges passed on by the banks. The cardholders’ claims were, therefore, indirect price-fixing claims, for which the cardholders had no Sherman Act monetary remedy.