It was only a matter of time after the Supreme Court’s decision in North Carolina State Board of Dental Examiners v. Federal Trade Commission, 135 S. Ct. 1101 (2015) (*), that a state bar association would face an antitrust suit. But the suit happened quickly: on June 3, LegalZoom sued the North Carolina State Bar for violations of Sherman Act Sections 1 and 2 in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina. LegalZoom.Com, Inc. v. North Carolina State Bar, Case No. 1:15-CV-439 (M.D.N.C.).
In a nutshell, LegalZoom alleges that the Bar does not enjoy antitrust immunity because it is controlled by lawyers (market participants) and its activities are not actively supervised by the state. LegalZoom challenges the Bar’s refusal to register its prepaid legal plans, which it sells in 42 states and the District of Columbia. LegalZoom seeks not only injunctive relief, but also $3.5 million in damages (before statutory trebling).
This may be the leading edge of a wave of lawsuits challenging activities of state boards staffed by industry participants.
(*) I covered the Fourth Circuit’s decision in Dental Examiners here.