Distribution, Competition, and Antitrust / IP Law

Tenth Circuit Rules That Invocation of IP Rights Is Presumptively Valid Defense to Antitrust Refusal to Deal Claims

In SOLIDFX, LLC v. Jeppesen Sanderson, Inc., Case Nos. 15-1079 and 15-1097 (opinion available here), the Tenth Circuit aligned itself with the First and Federal Circuits to hold that the invocation of intellectual property rights is a presumptively valid business justification sufficient to rebut a Sherman Act Section 2 refusal to deal claim, but left open some questions about when and how the presumption can (if ever) be rebutted.  I covered the decision over at the Orrick AntitrustWatch blog here.

Getty Images Complains About Google’s Image “Scraping”

Getty Images and a group of professional photographers sent a letter this week to the Senate Judiciary’s antitrust subcommittee complaining about Google’s image “scraping.”  In a nutshell, Getty alleges that high-resolution images in Google’s image … [Continue reading]

Court’s Denial of Summary Judgment on Price Discrimination Claims Reminds Suppliers to Properly Structure Discount Programs

In a recent decision, the Northern District of California denied Chrysler’s motion for summary judgment to defeat a Robinson-Patman Act price discrimination claim.  Mathew Enterprise, Inc. v. Chrysler Group LLC, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 108693 (N.D. … [Continue reading]

You Can’t Use the Sherman Act to Wrangle an Invitation to a Political Debate

So held the District Court for the District of Columbia in Johnson v. Commission on Presidential Debates, No. 15-1580 (RMC) (D.D.C. August 5, 2016).  There, the Libertarian and Green Parties challenged decisions of the Commission on Presidential … [Continue reading]

If You Discount It, And They Don’t Come . . . .

Researchers at my alma mater (including Steven Levitt of Freakonomics fame) recently reported the results of an interesting study: discounts offered on virtual goods (i.e., in-app purchases in connection with online video games) did not stimulate … [Continue reading]

Supreme Court lets Fourth Circuit’s Articulation of Standard for Pleading a Sherman Act Conspiracy Stand – for Now

On Monday, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to review the Fourth Circuit’s decision in SD3, LLC v. Black & Decker (U.S.) Inc., et al., 801 F.3d 412 (4th Cir. 2015), allowing the decision – and, arguably, a circuit split on the pleading standard for … [Continue reading]

Third Circuit Rejects Single-Product Bundling Claim – But Holds Its Fire on What Test to Apply

In Eisai, Inc. v. Sanofi Aventis U.S., LLC, No. 14-2017 (3d Cir. May 4, 2016), the Third Circuit addressed a mix of allegedly exclusionary conduct, including the defendant’s discounting of its anti-coagulant drug Lovenox, and held that the … [Continue reading]

Speaking About Discounted Pricing Clauses

I'm happy to be speaking on "Discounted Pricing Clauses: Drafting Enforceable and Compliant Provisions After Collins."  We'll be addressing potential pitfalls in drafting discounted pricing clauses in commercial contracts, particularly in light of … [Continue reading]

Sixth Circuit Opens a Pandora’s Box of Joint Venture Challenges

Say you’re a group of hospitals that get together under a Joint Operating Agreement.   You agree to form an integrated health system. You agree to total your net incomes into a single “network net income” that is allocated to the parties based on … [Continue reading]

Maryland Lawsuit Shows Resale Price Maintenance Claims Are Not Dead

On March 4, 2016, the Maryland Attorney General announced a civil suit for alleged unlawful resale price maintenance against Johnson & Johnson Vision Care Inc. (“J&J”) in connection with its sale of contact lenses. The Maryland AG alleges … [Continue reading]

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